|Community Monitoring in Health Resources for the Practitioner|
Conceptual Framework: Community Monitoring for Accountability
What is Community Monitoring?
Community Monitoring (also called citizen oversight or social accountability) is a set of activities, or a process, which is conducted by communities or a group of community representatives to understand the accessibility, quality and effectiveness of public services that the community is entitled to. Some of the key elements of a community monitoring process are as follows:
Community Monitoring is predicated on some conditions/mechanisms and processes, and can lead to some outcomes/situations which are explored below.
Preconditions about State Mechanisms
The ‘state’ or country in which community monitoring exercises are being proposed/ explored
Preconditions about Status of Civil Society
In order that community monitoring is successful it is necessary that civil society organisations in such countries/states
The following steps may be considered integral to developing community monitoring mechanism with the active participation of marginalised communities around the domain of health
The community monitoring mechanism is expected to lead to the following outcomes